"Accordingly, in this work the category Western subject does not refer to an essence of uniformity not to a metaphysical self-presence. The connotation is not essence but the process of constitution of identity; it thus refers to a position or positioning, to a place, or placing, that is, to a specific inhabiting of a place. It refers to a process of generation, to a process of coming into being, of invention and of fashioning of a place called ‘Western’. The peculiarity of a colonial discourse such as Orientalism may be said to reside precisely in the Westernizing (as well as Orientalizing) operation itself. This is a process by which members are instituted as Western subjects. The operation I call ‘Westernizing’ consists in the fashioning of a historically specific fantasy whereby members imagine themselves as Western. The engendering and fashioning of the Western subject thus has a fictive character. But the fictive character of this position does not mean that it is not real; on the contrary, it produces material effects by constituting the very bodies of the subjects that it subjects. It refers to the historical inscription of a particular identity."
— Meyda Yegenoglu, Colonial fantasies: Towards a feminist reading of Orientalism