"Sociology is indeed a valuable part of a university education. It provides a foundation for better understanding and engaging with the globalizing world our young people will need to navigate and lead. It provides students with the intellectual tools needed to make sense of the shifting and conflictual social world we live in, and this in turn permits them to contribute to solutions for the most difficult social problems that we face." - Why A Sociology Major? by Daniel Little
Liberation ecology starts from Marx’s presumption that society-nature relations are the outcomes of metabolic activity of the labour process but posits this metabolism as social, cultural and discursive. Linked to the complex ways in which power, knowledge and institutions sustain particular regimes of accumilation.
For enlightenment, anything which does not comform to the standard of calculability and utility must be viewed with suspicion.
Human beings purchase the increase in their power with strangement from that over which it is exerted. Enlightenment stands in the same relationship to things as the dictator to human beings. He knows them to the extent that he can manipulate them. The man of science knows things to the extent he can make them. Their “in-itself” becomes “for him”.
Decision making while poor can involve being forced to choose between two important expenses with the knowledge that you can only cover one. Food or electricity? Rent or garbage bill? Water or phone? Copay for the doctor’s office or transit pass so you can get to work? Car insurance or parking tickets? While many people are familiar with constant demands on their finances, people in the middle classes can generally handle these needs routinely as they come up; pay it off, move forward, maybe shift the budget around a little to accommodate unexpected expenses. When you are poor, even five dollars more or less can make a huge difference in your life.
It’s one thing to hear about a city falling apart, but another thing completely to actually see it happening before your eyes.
To put things into perspective, a Redditor compiled these gripping photos of Detroit over the years. Taken through Google Street View, these photos capture the same homes, buildings and street corners as they fall into disarray. It’s a heartbreaking look at a city caught in different moments of free fall.
Civilisation, technology, and a divided social order are the components of an indissoluble whole, a death trip that is fundamentally hostile to qualative difference, our answer must be qualitative, not quantitative solutions… that actually reinforce what we must end.
We do not criticize the existence of relatively free spaces, but the concept of ‘free space’ as a goal. To us, free spaces are but departure points for wider struggles. To merely establish and defend them…is classical reformism! It poses no challenge to the system. In fact, capitalism proves how flexible it is: ‘free spaces’ are integrated, resistance is channeled, and ghettos are created that have no explosive force. We are left with nothing but playgrounds.
Labor is not the source of all wealth. Nature is just as much the source of use values (and it is surely of such that material wealth consists!) as labor, which itself is only the manifestation of a force of nature, human labor power. The above phrase (“labor is the source of all wealth and all culture”) is to be found in all children’s primers and is correct I so far as it is implied that labor is performed with the appurtenant subjects and instruments. But a socialist program cannot allow such bourgeois phrases to pass over in silence the conditions that alone give them meaning. And in so far as man from the beginning behaves toward nature, treats her as belonging to him, his labor becomes the source of use values, therefore also of wealth. The bourgeoisi have very good grounds for falsely ascribing supernatural creative power to labor; since precisely form the fact that labor depends on nature it follows that the man who possess no other property than his labor power must, in all conditions of society and culture, be the slave of other men who have made themselves the owners of the material conditions of labor.
A new paper on sexting among adolescents … called ‘Damned If You Do, Damned If You Don’t … If You’re a Girl’… [finds] that both girls and boys send and receive naked or semi-naked pictures of themselves with some regularity, but only the girls are socially punished for it. ‘Boys in our study described girls who did send sexts as ‘sluts’ or ‘insecure,’ whereas they characterized girls who did not send sexts as ‘prude’ or ‘stuck up,” University of Michigan researchers Julia Lippman and Scott Campbell write in the Journal of Children and Media. ‘This indicates that sexting is a lose–lose proposition for girls; regardless of whether or not they sext, their behavior is evaluated in harsh—and often sexist—terms.
"If biology were the principle factor in human behavior, all around the world we would find women behaving in one way and men in another. Men and women would be just like male spiders and female spiders, whose genes tell them what to do. In fact, however, ideas of gender vary greatly from one culture to another-and as a result, so do male-female behaviors."
-James M. Henslin from Essentials of Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach
In the social and political realm, there is no power to match that of the leader who is able to evoke and harness the unconscious resources of his followers.
Americans have been delaying marriage since the middle of the 20th century, but in the late 1980s, something interesting happened: as a nation, we started having babies before we were married. Today, almost half of all babies are born to unmarried mothers, and the median first birth happens around one year earlier in a woman’s life than her median age of first marriage.
Surveillance architecture… is intended to program space for certain users.